This book investigates three Indian revolts in the Americas: the 1680 uprising of the Pueblo Indians against the Spanish; the Great Rebellion in Bolivia, 1780–82; and the Caste War of Yucatan that began in 1849 and was not finally crushed until 1903. Nicholas A. Robins examines their causes, course, nature, leadership, and goals. He finds common features: they were revitalization movements that were both millenarian and exterminatory in their means and objectives; they sought to restore native rule and traditions to their societies; and they were movements born of despair and oppression that were sustained by the belief that they would witness the dawning of a new age. His work underscores the link that may be found, but is not inherent, between genocide, millennialism, and revitalization movements in Latin America during the colonial and early national periods.
Contents Acknowledgments 1. Introduction 2. Millennialism, Nativism, and Genocide 3. Creation through Extermination: Native Efforts to Eliminate the Hispanic Presence in the Americas 4. Nativism, Caste Wars, and the Exterminatory Impulse 5. Rebellion and Relative Deprivation 6. Leadership and Division 7. Atrocity as Metaphor: The Symbolic Language of Rebellion 8. Cultural Assimilation in the Native World 9. Conclusion Appendixes Glossary Notes Bibliography Index
Nicholas A. Robins is a lecturer in the Department of History at North Carolina State University. He is author of Genocide and Millennialism in Upper Peru and The Culture of Conflict in Modern Cuba and editor (with Adam Jones) of Genocides by the Oppressed: Subaltern Genocide in Theory and Practice (IU Press, 2009).