Movement of the People
Hungarian Folk Dance, Populism, and Citizenship
Published by: Indiana University Press
Since 1990, thousands of Hungarians have vacationed at summer camps devoted to Hungarian folk dance. This exploding folk tourism takes place against the backdrop of increasingly nationalist movements in Hungary.
In Movement of the People, Mary N. Taylor takes readers inside the folk revival movement known as dancehouse (táncház), which is championed by expatriates and UNESCO while also serving as a springboard for more threatening nationalist impulses. Most camps are not in Hungary, but across the national border in the Transylvanian villages of neighboring Romania, where well upward of a million ethnic Hungarians reside. Contextualizing táncház in a deeper history of populist and ethnonational interest groups, Taylor examines the movement's emergence in the socialist projects of the 1970s, its transformation through the postsocialist period, and its recent recognition by UNESCO as a best practice of heritage preservation.
Distinguishing "populist" practices of folk revival as a form of national identity, Movement of the People interrogates the ideologies, institutional contexts, and relationships that contribute to the cultivation of Hungary's future as well as its past.
Introduction: The Aesthetic Nation
1. Making the Nation-State in 19th and 20th Century Hungary
2. What Kind of Nation? Folk National Cultivation in the Interwar Period
3. Socialist Cultural Management, Civic Cultivation, and Associational Life in Late Socialism
4. The Táncház Revolution: Reviving Folk Dance As Social Dance
5. Folk Dance as Mother Tongue: National Conduct and The Production of Collective Memory
6. Socialist State Formation, Táncház Frameworks of Sense, and the Origins of the Postsocialist Cultural Turn
7. The Place of Heritagization: Culture Talk amid Shifting Property and Citizenship Regimes