- Border Jumping and Migration Control in Southern Africa
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Border Jumping and Migration Control in Southern Africa
Published by: Indiana University Press
With the end of apartheid rule in South Africa and the ongoing economic crisis in Zimbabwe, the border between these Southern African countries has become one of the busiest inland ports of entry in the world. As border crossers wait for clearance, crime, violence, and illegal entries have become rampant. Francis Musoni observes that border jumping has become a way of life for many of those who live on both sides of the Limpopo River and he explores the reasons for this, including searches for better paying jobs and access to food and clothing at affordable prices. Musoni sets these actions into a framework of illegality. He considers how countries have failed to secure their borders, why passports are denied to travelers, and how border jumping has become a phenomenon with a long history, especially in Africa. Musoni emphasizes cross-border travelers' active participation in the making of this history and how clandestine mobility has presented opportunity and creative possibilities for those who are willing to take the risk.
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations
Introduction: A Site of Contestations: The Zimbabwe-South Africa Border and Illegal[ized] Movements Across it
1. Colonial Statecraft and the Rise of Border Jumping
2. Promoting Illegality: South Africa's Ban on "Tropical Natives"
3. Border Jumping and the Politics of Labor
4. Apartheid, African Liberation Struggles and the Securitization of Cross-Limpopo Mobility
5. Crossing the Boundary Fence: The Zimbabwe Crisis and the Surge in Border Jumping
Conclusion: The Past in the Present: Border Jumping as a Legacy of the European Partition of Africa
Francis Musoni is Associate Professor of History at the University of Kentucky
Explores the history of border-jumping from what is now Zimbabwe to what is now South Africa. Francis Musoni contends that this cross-border movement has a long history and needs to be considered beyond the conventional framing of legality and illegality." ~Martin Murray, author of Commemorating and Forgetting: Challenges for the New South Africa
Given the crises that have shaken Zimbabwe since the start of this century, more and more media, policy, and scholarly attention has been directed toward human migration across Limpopo River, the wider politics shaping those crossings and their shifts, and some of the tactics and strategies of both the migrants and those seeking to control their travel." ~Blair Rutherford, author of Farm Labor Struggles in Zimbabwe
"Musoni has written an exciting book that challenges our notions of what borders on the African continent mean."~H-Africa
"Francis Musoni's book Border Jumping and Migration Control in Southern Africa is an interesting and compelling read, mapping out the history of border jumping or "illegal migration" in Southern Africa."~African Studies Review
"Overall this book is a good, effective read and a must for scholars of migration. It will make a timely contribution across the social sciences and humanities, providing new theoretical perspectives while challenging traditional notions of legality and illegality in cross border movements in Africa."~Kalpana Hiralal - University of KwaZulu-Natal, AFRICAN STUDIES REVIEW