- The American Midwest in Film and Literature
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The American Midwest in Film and Literature
Nostalgia, Violence, and Regionalism
Published by: Indiana University Press
How do works from film and literature—Sister Carrie, Native Son, Meet Me in St. Louis, Halloween, and A History of Violence, for example—imagine, reify, and reproduce Midwestern identity? And what are the repercussions of such regional narratives and images circulating in American culture? In The American Midwest in Film and Literature: Nostalgia, Violence, and Regionalism, Adam R. Ochonicky provides a critical overview of the evolution, contestation, and fragmentation of the Midwest's symbolic and often contradictory meanings. Using the frontier writings of Frederick Jackson Turner as a starting point, this book establishes a succession of Midwestern filmic and literary texts stretching from the late-19th century through the beginning of the 21st century and argues that the manifold properties of nostalgia have continually transformed popular understandings and ideological uses of the Midwest's place-identity. Ochonicky identifies three primary modes of nostalgia at play across a set of textual objects: the projection of nostalgia onto physical landscapes and into the cultural sphere (nostalgic spatiality); nostalgia as a cultural force that regulates behaviors, identities, and appearances (nostalgic violence); and the progressive potential of nostalgia to generate an acknowledgment and possible rectification of ways in which the flawed past negatively affects the present (nostalgic atonement). While developing these new conceptions of nostalgia, Ochonicky reveals how an under-examined area of regional study has received critical attention throughout the histories of American film and literature, as well as in related materials and discourses. From the closing of the Western frontier to the polarized political and cultural climate of the 21st century, this book demonstrates how film and literature have been and continue to be vital forums for illuminating the complex interplay of regionalism and nostalgia.
Introduction: Nostalgia and Regionalism
PART 1: Twentieth-Century Narratives of Nostalgia and the Midwest
1. Nostalgic Spatiality
2. Spatial Constriction, Race, and Midwestern Stagnation
3. Nostalgic Violence, Nebulous Spaces, and Blank Identities
PART 2: The Millennial Midwest on Film
4. Masculinity, Race, and Violence
5. Locating Sincerity, Disillusionment, and Paranoia
6. Nostalgic Atonement
Conclusion: Nostalgic Frontiers
Afterword: Regionalism and Politics
Adam R. Ochonicky is Assistant Professor of English at the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. He is the Media Review Editor of Middle West Review.
"This is a page-turner in the best sense of the word, for each new page reveals some fresh insight about the period that simply hasn't been examined before."~Wheeler Winston Dixon, author of Synthetic Cinema: The 21st Century Movie Machine
"Adam Ochonicky presents an important reading of how nostalgia shapes the Midwest in the American imagination as a place of identity and violence. Past and present slip in this compelling and well researched approach to the workings of contemporary culture."~Vera Dika, author of Recycled Culture: The Uses of Nostalgia in Contemporary Art and Film
"By centering the concept of region, Adam Ochonicky provides an insightful and refreshing reading of American popular culture. In texts ranging from Richard Wright's Native Son to John Carpenter's Halloween, Ochonicky demonstrates the complex terrain of the Midwest in our cultural imaginary and the diverse memories and meanings we project upon it."~Kendall R. Phillips, author of A Place of Darkness: The Rhetoric of Horror in Early American Cinema, Syracuse University
"Describing the Midwest as a 'nostalgia museum,' Ochonicky approaches it as a container or showcase for aspects of the nation's self-fashioning (88). As this book thoughtfully shows, certain foundational texts have clearly enabled the forgetting of inconvenient facts and the imposition of more romantic myths. Ochonicky's book reminds us how powerful – and seductive – such regional place stories can be."~Brigid Magner, RMIT University, Literary Geographies
"The American Midwest in Film and Literature rewards anyone seeking to understand the stories told about midwesterners and how genuinely rich authors and auteurs have found our region. It will prove to be a substantial contribution to the burgeoning scholarship on what has been termed nostalgia studies, produced mainly since the beginning of the millennium. We should definitely use Ochonicky's lens through which to view the canon of American literature and film. But we might also use it, as he implies, to reexamine our own toxically nostalgic views of region and country."~MARK B. POHLAD – DePaul University, Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society